Conflicting Values

“Don’t start statements with I don’t know”, Bill Mangrum.

  • But what if you really don’t know the correct solution/ answer to a problem?


In a situation like the one we were presented in class, administration wanting weekly updates on students to provide quantitative data, it is very difficult to determine the best solution or answer. This is because the parties involved have different sets of values, and the values of one audience will frequently conflict with the values of another audience.

Audiences and their values:

  • Administrators- Value quantitative data. They also value the format of this data and therefore want Professors to use Canvas and to post weekly progress updates for all students.
  • Students/ Scholars- Value free time, family, friends, work, sleep, food, parties, school, pets, and relationships.
  • Program Area- Values  engagement, ability to argue, listen/ respond to counter-arguments, qualified, and that students are making connection from own program area to different program areas.
  • Bill Mangrum- Values self initiative, responsibility, and self assessment.

In class we also used Patrik’s  background knowledge of his program area to state that there are two types of goods:

  1. Normal good- A good that you sell to higher class
  2. Inferior good- A good that you sell when wage goes down

Since higher education is effectively a business, and these goods also relate to business, I will use a business perspective while evaluating this problem.


In business you want to try your best to value each audience the

Business man considering his options
Business man considering his options

same, however it is typical that one audience, or multiple audiences, will be valued higher than the other(s).  In this case the business owners are basically the administration, and therefore they typically value their own set of values higher than the set of values from the other audiences. So I would then argue that they want their weekly progress updates, in the format that they want, and their is almost no way around that. However, for the business to still run effectively, they need to other audiences and therefore cannot completely throw their set of values out the window. This leads me to believe that a compromise will have to be made by all audiences in order for this process to work. In my own opinion I believe that an effective solution would be to have students work on a platform/ format that is easily turned into quantitative data, that way the professor can then take this data, put it in the format that the administration requires, and then post it. This is mostly a compromise between the professors and students, to meet the administrations values. This solution prevents the work load from being dumped all on one audience, and instead divides it up between two. This solution also allows all the audiences to keep their own set of values. This is a very basic solution, and to construct a solution that is more effective, addition research would be required. Since I have not completed this research, I don’t know what the appropriate solution/answer is.

Sister Helen Prejean/ Dead Man Walking


In Sister Helen’s speech she describes how the Gospel of Jesus called her to be with poor people, so she did just that and started learning from African Americans. While doing this she was asked if she would be willing to write letters to a man on death row. She agreed, but was nervous about it since she was uneducated about current justice system laws. After writing letters to this man for a short period of time, she went to visit him. The mans name was Pat Sonye and his brothers name was Eddie. The two brothers had went to a field in Louisiana and encountered a young couple. They convince the couple that they were security guards, and forced the women to have sex with them in order for them to not turn them into the land owner. This was all a trick, and after the men were done raping the girl, they shot and killed the couple execution style. After learning this Sister Helen was in shock that these were the two men she had talked with and met. Sister Helen then met the family of the victims. The father of the boy was upset that Sister Helen had not come to see them, and took her through his journey. By doing this he taught he that forgiveness is saving your own life by not letting hatred overcome you.

This is the story Sister Helen describes in her book, “Dead Man Walking”.


In the end, Sister Helen was there for Pats execution. Just before she had told him to look at her, and that she would be the face of Christ.

Sister Helen is still working diligently to end the Death Penalty in all states.

Some fun facts that she gave during here speech were:

  • A man on death row had a heart attack a few days before they date of his execution, the hospitalized him until he was healthy, and then killed him themselves.
  • There has been a couple other instances that were similar to that.
  • States that practiced slavery have the harshest penal system.
  • Texas has executions every week
  • It is more expensive to execute them, than to keep them in prison for the rest of their lives.


















“Language” By: Gita DasBender

So far I have read ten articles from this book, each one of those were different from the others and very unique. In this blog, will not go over each one in detail, but I will point out my favorite of the reads and some brief details that stuck with me from those articles.

The first article that I will discuss is, “Writing For an Audience”, by Linda S. Flower. I enjoyed this article so much because I found it very relatable to my major. In geology whenever you write a report, or write anything for that matter, it is crucial that you consider who your audience is and what their background knowledge is on the subject you are writing about. if not, it is very likely that your ideas will be rejected. I also believe that knowing your audience is crucial for any major or job, and this is because in any major/job you will be expected to express your knowledge to others.

The second article that I found interesting and relatable to my major is, “Which Language is Best to Learn”, by Robert Lane Greene. In this article Greene argues that French is the best language to learn. I found this interesting because as a Geologist it is very likely that you will travel a lot, and to many different countries and cultures. During your travel you will encounter many different languages, and it would be impractical to try and learn every language you might encounter. Therefore, it could be very beneficial to learn the language that will benefit you the most no matter where you are on this planet.



Hindrance to Research

Class Notes!

In class we talked about possible factors that could hinder ones research, and here are some ideas that my fellow scholars came up with:

Chayse Romero– “One hindrance to research is that we normally feel the need to touch on many different ideas, points, or subjects”.

Candra Lowery– “Questions often lead to further questions”.

Chloe Speshock– “Not knowing where to start”. Invention, arrangement, style, memorization, delivery.

Alex Byron(myself)-“Language barriers”. Not knowing specific terms for the particular discourse.

Erik Keil- “The way you think of things is not normally the best way to deliver it”.

Candra Lowery– “Willingness to adapt/ willingness to be wrong”.

William Mangrum- “Willingness to be wrong”.

William Mangrum- “Not wanting to be embarrassed by paper when you look back on paper twenty years later. Not about a legacy”.


Picture of a man trying to research, the struggle is real.








Connection to Geology List


  1. “Which Language is Best to Learn?” by Robert Lane Greene

Greene poses the question, which language is best to learn? I think that this connects to Geology because as a geologist you will encounter many languages while traveling the world doing work.

  1. Writing for an Audience by Linda S. Flower

This article connects to Geology because when a geologist writes up a report, they always have to consider their audience.

  1. “We All Are Writes Now” by Anne Trubek

Trubek makes the claim that everyone in today’s generation is better readers and writers due to social networking. I believe we see this in the geology field because it could be argued that younger geologist are more proficient at these skills.

  1. “I won’t Hire People Who Use Poor Grammar” by Kyle Weins

You can’t get a job as a geologist if you use bad grammar.

  1. “Conquer English to Make China Strong: The Globalization of English”

If English is continuing to become a second- first language in areas around the world, this would be a benefit to English speaking geologists.

  1. “Saying Adios to Spanglish” by Letricia Salais

Geologist that learn Spanish in the states often struggle with speaking the language to the native people of those areas that have been speaking Spanish all their life.

  1. “Your Bad Grammar at Work: What’s the Problem?” by Alison Griswold

When geologist use bad grammer that can cause confusion to others or even be fired for doing it.

  1. “Why Being a Jerk Pays” Amy Reiter

It could be argued that this strategy to climbing the “corporate ladder” would be used in geology as well.