Paragraph 1: KEY WORDS: practice, manipulation, linguistic, power, listeners. Nothing is set in stone with rhetoric; the rules and how things are done, are always changing. Rhetoric is thought of as the way of changing the meaning of how words to affect you in different ways. The writer strives to pull you into their writing and immerse you in their thoughts and ideas.
Paragraph 2: KEY WORDS: featuring, tool, configures, endorsed, deconstruction. Rhetoric starts to be seen as a tool when we start to use rhetoric for featuring content rather than trying to change content. In different settings the rhetor chooses how the writing will be shaped. Different views are taken on in each setting and literary value is distributed depending on what elements are presented.
Paragraph 3: KEY WORDS: lexicon, analyzing, enterprise, restricted, portrayal. Each writer has his own style of writing and uses his or her own word choice. The word choice usually depends on setting of the writing; and analysing how writers do this has become a huge business. However when rhetoric is analyzed it is held back to the level of the text.
Paragraph 4: KEY WORDS: eloquence, embraces, constructs, changing. The power eloquence holds was described as this power that could change minds. It has been used to layout the roadmap for how people think of the world they live in. Rhetoric is much more than fancy words; it is a game changer.
Paragraph 5: KEY WORDS: verbal, situationally, art, philosophical, practical. Rhetoric is a verbal art that takes on different importance in different types of situations. It has both philosophical and practical qualities. But you need to know there will always be setbacks even when you think you know exactly what you are doing.
Paragraph 6: KEY WORDS: text, limited, ambiguous, self-sufficient, extrinsic. The word text can be understood by its very literal meaning; a book, a story, or a conversation. Or the word text can be understood by its more philosophical meaning. When looking at rhetoric in this light you begin to see no statement can stand on its own because it would have to have some previous knowledge and context for its mentioning.
Paragraph 7: KEY WORDS: momentary, conversation, contexts, situation, self-contained. We need to think of a text as the moment when the text grabs your attention in its one-way conversation with you. It is full of changing meaning depending on what situation it is being viewed in. And how we define ext so literally is just a convenience for us.
Paragraph 8: KEY WORDS: rhetor, interpret, influence, potentially active. A rhetor is the writer who produces a body of work for a auditor to interpret the meaning of their text. We write with the intention of changing someone’s minds or action; making them think. These texts are called potentially active texts, some are potentially active on purpose and sometimes not.
Paragraph 9: KEY WORDS: verbal, compliment, effect, metaphorically, activates. Rhetoric is mostly a verbal interaction, its medium being spoken and written word. Some use the word more freely describing other mediums of conveying emotion—like art. The rhetoric is found not in the non verbal medium but rather it’s in the verbal knowledge that comes out of what is being learned.
Paragraph 10: KEY WORDS: situationally, timeliness, kairos, stable, ideological. Rhetoric takes on meaning based on the situation it was written in and the situation it was read in; the writer needs to be aware of this. The time, circumstances, and intellectual setting all play a key role in how the text will be interpreted and this must be kept in mind when writing; how will people in the future read and understand my text? There is a word for this and it is kairos, but kairos is very hard to practice for it is extremely hard to predict the future intellectual climate.
Paragraph 11: KEY WORDS: epistemic, communication, transactionally, coparticipants, exchange. Rhetoric directs future writers to understand truth not as something the have talked about before or witnessed before. But rather rhetoric is trying to force writers to be non-biased. Truth, rather, comes from the mutual agreement the writer and reader come upon together.
Paragraph 12: KEY WORDS: exploratory, dialectical, investigation, systematic. Philosophical rhetoric is more concerned with how to build knowledge. The rhetor is more immersed with the subject rather than how the text is put together. Rhetoric pushes writers to dive deep into their subjects and think and ponder deeply; this leads out of the realm of philosophical rhetoric to practical rhetoric.
Paragraph 13: KEY WORDS: logic, reasoning, conclusions, truth, incontrovertible. Rhetoric can not be perfectly logical. It floats around the realm of uncertainty and truth; it is not unarguable. Writers and readers move from thoughts to conclusions.
Paragraph 14: KEY WORDS: dialectic, reasoning, exploration, shape, premises. Rhetoric should not be a source of discussion, but it has been considered its counterpart. Dialectic work discusses work that has some sort of uncertainty; and where rhetoric does discuss such subjects it is more directed towards how the rhetor changes and shapes their ideas in the text. The rhetor, also, is appealing more to the reader’s thoughts and feelings and is more up to date than dialectic work.
Paragraph 15: KEY WORDS: poetics, literary, artifacts, perspective, composition. Rhetoric is not considered poetics either even though they are closely related. Poetics looks at texts as linguistic artifacts. The other main difference being rhetoric’s focus on the invention of the text.
Paragraph 16: KEY WORDS: organization, one-sided, intellectual, ornamentation. Rhetoric is more than a one-sided, wordy text; it is meant to sway readers thoughts and emotions. It deals with the construction and word choice, but also the broader more metaphorical side of it. Rhetoric is also the effect the text or speach has on the the reader.