Hindrance on Research



research design

Here is the basic of the scientific method and how a hindrance can occur.


So I was looking at my notes on hindrance and a thought came to me about how different the class of Comp 250 Sect 3 is to hindrance on scientific research. Here are the results I found:

Scientific Research Hindrances

  1. Tradition
  2. Authority
  3. Inaccurate Observation
  4. Overgeneralization
  5. Selective Observation
  6. Made-up Information
  7. Illogical Reasoning
  8. Ego involvement in understanding
  9. Mystification
  10. To err is human
  11. Dogmatism

This List was created by Penn Josef De Vera

Comp 250 Sect 3 Thoughts on Hindrance on Research

  1. Try to touch every aspect when researching
  2. Question leading further question
  3. Not knowing where to start
  4. Not knowing specific term in your particular major
  5. Fear of being responsible of knowing
  6. Not knowing how to narrowing down
  7. Wellness to adapt
  8. Wellness to be wrong
  9. In the future not to be embarrassed by this research in 20 years  

I would recommend to look at all the Comp 250 Sect 3 scholars on hindrance and compare to your own views on Hindrance on Research.

A Reading List From Language: A Reader for Writers


This reading list is based on which chapters will propel me forward to understand better in my major in Psychology. So here is my list (hopefully it was helpful for you as it has for me): Title / Author / Page #

  1.  “How Does Our Language Shape the Way We Think?” / Lera Boroditsky / 2-11 
  2. “Language and Thought” / Susanne Langer / 12-17
  3. “Which is the Best Language to Learn?” / Robert Lane Greene / 40-44
  4. “Writing for an Audience” / Linda S. Flower / 74-77 
  5. “This Embarrasses You and I” / Sue Shellenbarger / 105-107
  6. “Why Being a Jerk at Work Pays” / Amy Reiter / 141-144
  7. “Doubts about Doublespeak” / William Lutz / 198-202
  8. “Why Personhood is Powerful” / Mark Peters / 265-268

Each article in this reading list has an aspect of psychology. Out of the 8 articles I read the articles by Lear Boroditsky, William Lutz, and Mark Peters made me think a lot about psychology. All 8 articles about the human being on how to achieve in writing for the rest of your life, how other people think differently in other regions, and overall the study of humans communication to each other that can be either right or wrong way to get your point across. I recommend you read Language: A Reader for Writers  

What is Inquiry? (Comp 250 Section 3 defintion for Inquiry)

Inquiry in basic terms

Inquiry in basic terms

So what is Inquiry? If you do don’t know, here is where Comp 250 is here to SAVE THE DAY!!!!!!!!

Here is what Comp 250 came up as a whole defined Inquiry:

     “Inquiry the process of obtaining knowledge through a question(s) and/or observation(s) that is relevant to the discourse.”

Short and sweet to the point on this definition of Inquiry. If you are not satisfied with this answer you can always go to a dictionary online or book to see what inquiry really means.

Even with this short definition that Comp 250 Section 3 class gave I still have questions about it.

Here it is:

  1.  Is all questions when asking are equal when relevant to the discourse? Why or Why not?
  2.  When there is more question than answers to the discourse, where should Inquiry start and what happens when Inquiry can’t give a direct answers to the relevant discourse?
  3.  How important is to gain knowledge when there is no important knowledge to help society or for the person finding the knowledge to better themselves?

The major I thinking of being in is Psychology so obtaining knowledge is very important for Psychologist. By asking question about the human body and how humans as a species has lived for so many years of how different/similar from 1,000 years ago. Questions like these and many more about human beings are researched for the betterment of all to read and learn.

Choosing any books for Comp 250, Why use “So What?”?

Authors by Kurt Schick and Laura Schubert

Authors by Kurt Schick and Laura Schubert

In this one paragraph I believe this book So What? was to read by scholars and faculty alike is because of this:

  • “So What? will teach you how to invent and present significant compelling arguments. The core lessons will teach you how to discover controversies or public problems to argue about, plus patterns of organizing and supporting arguments that address those controversies. Mastering these techniques will help you find something substantial to write about in almost any situation.”(Schick, Schubert, XIV)

After this paragraph the So What? presents the topic of arguments and how to present them in an academic way so you can transfer what you learn from So What? to professional and personal life.

There is an another book that can scholars combine So What? to this book called Writer/ Designer: A Guide to Making Multimodal Projects by Kristin L. Arola, Jennifer Sheppard, and Cheryl E. Ball.

These three authors explain how people use multimodal to provide there point over text, TV, and the internet. So when you arguing a point about public safety for example. The person arguing for tighter public safety will be using visuals, use their body language to speak, how the person sounds will display their concern for public safety. The person isn’t going to only use text to win an argument over one person or groups of people but using multimodal to give a big effect on people. So What? will teach how to argue well but you need to know more ways of explaining your argument through other use of media.

amazon(Writer/ Designer: A Guide to Making Multimodal Projects)

The World Is Full Of Info (Focusing On Campus)


Parking Meter as multimodal project display

  • Linguistic – The meter explains the parking spots are for visitors not for students/faculty staff on the yellow posting. The insert of coins are on the bottom where two arrows point opposite sides to explain which meter to insert your coin for the parking space. The writing is simple to understand for easy use so you can go on your way.
  • Visual – The meter stands out for being where you need to insert coins to show you how long you have to stay in that parking spot. The meter is in the middle of the park car on the left and the empty spot on the right. The red arrows shows which meter you place the coins in. The color use bright yellow and black lettering to catch attention to the owner of the car to which people can use the parking spot.
  • Spatial – The arrangement of the meter was place there for a reason for the school. The organization of placement of where to put the text was place underneath the time you have in the parking spot. The inserting of coins from which meter you have to place is underneath the yellow text. These placement is easy to see if the person looks up/down or down/up.

The Transit is using multimodal here at school but also throughout town for both students and citizens of Durango to simply tell you when the bus is coming

  • Linguistic – In Bus stops you want BIG and Direct words to tell people this is why the sign is here. The words underneath the Bus Stop is NO SMOKING. After that word it has smaller caps than the words of BUS STOP and NO SMOKING. These signs are telling people important things to know what to expect when the bus gets there and what is one thing they don’t allow at a bus stop. Its usually numbers to tell how long it will take and the next schedule stop at that location.
  • Visual – Its hard not to see a big bright red bus stop. The use of bright red/white and being about 6 feet from the ground is a way to get people attention to your information. The picture of a bus reinforce why the sign is there and inside the case shows where the bus is going to help riders of where they are expected to pass by.
  • Spatial – At first it has lots of stuff happening that is on the actual pole. The use of different proportion of the signs and the arrangement of what is important to know first helps people understand that simply its a bus stop. I would say they use every space available to give information for all people and that people should see the name then sees its as a bus company then continue on down the information on the times and box with a brochure of the schedule stop of the bus.

A place for your mouse can also give you multimodal information

(A place for your mouse can also give you multimodal information)

  • Linguistic – This mouse pad give information of why they place visual of the school and words rather than being a colors/mix of colors mouse pad. The phrase Need Help? explains and gives examples of how the person can help themselves with computer problems. The writing are simple and informative on the bottom of Need Help? then the words on the left side are guides to be a better user of the computer.
  • Visual –  The visual is the beautiful view of the school and Durango so that doesn’t hurt to look at. The mouse pad having the school colors is a nice touch to put on the mouse pad. The black/white lettering is a good display of what you want to say to people who are using the computer. The Need Help was the first thing I saw that stand out to me and from there it explains how you can get help when using a computer.
  • Spatial – When only having a certain amount of space you need to give maximum of information in a minimum amount of space to do it. The organization was nice and neat. You can follow them very easily and it wasn’t hard to read in person.

A Master At Work (The Daily Show with Jon Stewart)

john stewart

Jon Stewart rips into Obama



From former posting I talk about how multimodal has 5 modes of communication, a show calledThe Daily Show with Jon Stewart will help a lot with helping you understanding how to rightly (in my opinion) to use multimodal project for millions of people. To start off he has your attention from the beginning by welcoming you to the show. By then he will give a subject on the left side and explain news in a funny and informative way that you remember it. Jon Stewart has hilarious titles on the subject, jokes, sarcasms,  and news about the current thoughts of news station in main media. Videos and his gestures straight ways shows his stance on the subject. In total having all these things going on doesn’t mean that it will be success for everyone else doing this. It takes the right person to do this and fortunately Jon Stewart is one of them. (Hurray for Jon Stewart!!!!!!!!)

Here is a link to go to for one of many examples on how to communicate using all 5 modes of communication


Part 2 of What I learn from Writer / Designer (A Guide to Making Multimodal Projects)


With using the five tools of multimodal text I realize for blogging I be using most 4 of them. They are linguistic, visual, aural, and spatial because they all help the blog be more attractive from other blogs. The gestural mode refers to movements on-screen and usually my blog won’t be on video but using words, images, sounds, and organization on the page.

Here are examples of each mode:

  1.  Linguistic (Words)

Envelope having visual but majority using linguistic

2. Visual (Images)


Its a picture on display for everyone to see.

3. Spatial (Organization/ Arrangement)


The pamphlets are very organize and space out for people to see and read

4. Aural (Sound)


This is an sound wave that a person measured

5. Gestural (body language)


The dog is showing body language of what the dog is feeling